Ellis Island opens January 1, 1892

The main building on Ellis Island around 1905. Photo: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division: Detroit Publishing Co., LC-D4-18676.

On January 1, 1892, the U.S. Immigration Station on Ellis Island at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor opened. Previously, the states were responsible for immigrants.

The first structure on Ellis Island burned down in 1897. A new building opened in late 1900. Over 12 million immigrants had entered the U.S. through Ellis Island when it closed in 1954.

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